Hallmarks and other markings 4. Date codes on Parker Pens Updated Oct In mid Parker began marking most pens and pencils with a date code, both the barrel and the nibs were marked, but lacking a date code doesn’t necessarily mean that the pen was made pre , since many imprints have been worn off with use. The first date codes, found for example on the Vacumatics, consists of two digits, the first one denoting the quarter of production, the second denoting the production year. Hence a “47” marking on a ‘s pen indicate that the pen was produced in the fourth quarter of , not , which is a common misconception. In the second quarter of this system was however changed to save production time, and a new date code, using a system of dots, was adopted. The stamp initially had three dots and for each quarter one dot was filed down leaving none for the fourth quarter. Since production was overlapping examples exist with either the imprint 28 or. Also, since this coding system extended over a decade, a pen marked 38 could be produced the third quarter either in or In a new system for the date coding was introduced where the two digits only indicated the year, not the quarter hence “50” means made in , this system was used in the US until and in Canada a few years longer..
How to Date a Parker 51 Fountain Pen
I also prefer very, very fine nibs, and they tend to present this sort of feel more than broader nibs. But why do certain nibs perform differently to others? Why is it that even two supposedly identical nibs can write differently to each other? What matters is how the nib is made, not what it is made from. There are normally one of a few main materials in the body of a nib:
From a Parker Pen ad. My grand-father gave me an old Parker 51 from for my birthday and it has been my pen since then. Find this Pin and more on Vintage Parker Fountain Pens by David Johns. dream piece of furniture with lots of little cubbies.
And there are a few things one can do to heighten this pleasure, and its feeling of ritual. Another is improving your handwriting. The nature of the tool requires more skill and attention on your part, but the experience is richer and the result sharper. Fountain pens work by managing the rate at which the ink flows through the pen. When the pen is held at an upright angle, ink from the reservoir is drawn downward by gravity, and goes through the feed and to the nib in a controlled fashion.
Unless air is brought into the reservoir to replace the ink as it is used, a vacuum will build up that stops the flow. This created a capillary-esque mechanism that functioned by drawing ink into these small channels at the same time that air came back in over the fissures and entered the reservoir.
The modern fountain pen was born. You had to unscrew a portion of the barrel and use an eyedropper to fill the reservoir drop by drop. At the turn of the 20th century, companies began introducing self-filling reservoirs that allowed users to put the nib in the inkbottle and fill the reservoir by pulling a lever or twisting the barrel. Despite the introduction of the ballpoint pen in the early s, fountain pens maintained their dominance as the go-to writing instrument up until the mid-point of the century.
Today you can find countless forums and blogs dedicated to the virtues of this classic writing instrument. Here are a few reasons to give fountain pens a try:
Parker Company knew it had a winner. The pen was stylish but not flashy, durable but not clunky, and reliable but not overengineered. Over the next 31 years, the pen proved itself immensely popular. Tales are told of people who, unable to afford a whole pen, would purchase only a cap to clip in a pocket, giving the appearance of a complete pen. It was designed to be an everyday, hardworking, trouble-free, reliable writer.
Jul 19, · This slim ladies ring top fountain pen is fitted with a Parker Lucky Curve Pen made in USA gold nib. A lovely example of this vintage pen of the period.
Jump to summary chart For those of us concerned with when a pen was made, Parker is the sweetest of all makers, in that many of their pen actually have a date printed right on them. Not only the year, but which quarter of the year, will appear, giving a very clear sense of just how old the pen is. While modern Parkers that follow this practice mark only the barrel or cap of the pen, vintage pens generally have a code on the barrel and on the point.
One generally takes the barrel as definitive of the age of the pen as a unit, since caps, barrels and blind caps were usually all made together, and swapping tends to show. This does not mean that a point whose date code does not agree with the barrel is necessarily a replacement. An other thing to not get too concerned about is finding a pen has lost its code. Modern pens are much more likely to present their codes, but their codes are less easily understood.
Third Quarter, Parker began applying date codes in From then until , the codes took the form of a pair of digits; the first indicating which quarter and the second the year. Thus, a pen with a 46 code is from October through December of , and pens made in the third quarter are very obvious about their year.
How do I Date a Cross Pen?
The flow is a little wet but the fine nib makes it usable on cheaper papers. This nib is specific to Parker 51 pens and due to the popularity of the model there is still quite a few nib replacements that can be found on the used market. As much information as there is online about this system I got really lucky in that my friend Martin from Woodbin. Needless to say I was fortunate to learn from someone who has a ton of experience repairing this system. For Parker and the fountain pen industry this vacumatic system was a departure from storing ink in a rubber sac, it used the barrel to store ink and a diaphragm to create the vacuum that draws ink into the pen.
This is a dark red Parker Victory fountain pen fitted with a 14 karat nib, this is marked Parker 14K England There are the usual marks of use on the body of the pen but no serious dings or faults.
The first known traffic signal appeared in London in near the Houses of Parliament. Designed by JP Knight, it featured two semaphore arms and two gas lamps. The earliest electric traffic lights include Lester Wire’s two-color version set up in Salt Lake City circa , James Hoge’s system US patent 1, , installed in Cleveland by the American Traffic Signal Company in , and William Potts’ 4-way red-yellow-green lights introduced in Detroit beginning in New York City traffic towers began flashing three-color signals also in Garrett Morgan’s cross-shaped, crank-operated semaphore was not among the first half-hundred patented traffic signals, nor was it “automatic” as is sometimes claimed, nor did it play any part in the evolution of the modern traffic light.
Gas Mask Garrett Morgan in ? The invention of the gas mask predates Morgan’s breathing device by several decades. Early versions were constructed by the Scottish chemist John Stenhouse in and the physicist John Tyndall in the s, among many other inventors prior to World War I. Peanut Butter George Washington Carver who began his peanut research in ? Peanuts, which are native to the New World tropics, were mashed into paste by Aztecs hundreds of years ago.
Evidence of modern peanut butter comes from US patent issued to Marcellus Gilmore Edson of Montreal, Quebec in , for a process of milling roasted peanuts between heated surfaces until the peanuts reached “a fluid or semi-fluid state. Louis, manufactured peanut butter and sold it out of barrels. Kellogg, of cereal fame, secured US patent in for his “Process of Preparing Nutmeal,” which produced a “pasty adhesive substance” that Kellogg called “nut-butter.
Fathered the peanut industry?
Parker Date-Codes Reference
It is time for another pencil post to break up the fountain pen stuff…though they are all related. These pencils were sold to match the corresponding Vacumatic 51 in both barrel color and cap design. Here is the photo of the pencil before I had a chance to clean and polish it. The twist mechanism works perfectly and the eraser and lead supply are full. I polished the lead cone and cap with a jewelers cloth.
I then polished the barrel with scratch remover, finishing polish, and buffed on a coat of carnuba wax.
Parker Fountain Pen #2 Nib, very early pre-Lucky Curve nib, this nib has had a crack at the breather hole (keyhole) repaired, the repair is sound but esthetically the nib does not look very good, perhaps this could all be improved by a skilled jeweler, nib is also a re-tip, wet smooth Med+ nib w/ med+ flex, correct for early pre-Lucky Curve.
All of this started for me in September when I discovered the mostly neglected and forgotten, mostly unseen and unread patents for writing instruments, mostly for fountain pens. This is almost unheard of for a city this size. And on top of that, the U of S library here has the complete holdings on microfilm of The Scientific American magazine, which contain a complete numerical list of all the US patents from the years to Between those holdings and the various later online patent-search websites, I have been able to piece together and research most of the US, Canadian, British, and French patents for writing instruments, and all from this isolated, little vantage point on the rest of the world.
It is truly the golden age of pen research. I collected all of these pen-in-hand images in a database, or book I call The Hand Writing. As I collected all the patents in my patent books, I annotated all of the entries for patents that had illustrations with this type of hand imagery, and I decided to collect all of them in chronological order. A lot of these images are also in the lists of some of my favorite patent and trademark images, and together, all of these images are the story of writing in images of hands writing.
I found US utility patent no. I found US design patent no. Later on, just as a curiosity, searching for the design on the USPTO and Google Patents websites retrieved two other images, separately on both websites at the same time. At first , everything in Fig. There is no trace of the hand at all.
Parker 45 fountain pen review
This website has examples of many of the different Esterbrook models as well as information on the Esterbrook company, pens for sale, and repair resources. Consider this site a work in progress, and if you don’t find what you’re looking for, check back at a later date and I may have put it up. I have been collecting pens since and currently own and operate Anderson Pens with my wife Lisa in Appleton, WI where we have a physical storefront with all sorts of pens, paper, and ink.
I currently moderate the Esterbrook forum on the Fountain Pen Network and can be found there from time to time.
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Parker 45 Fountain Pen Review Posted: At the time, I thought they were very nice, classy pens. As I grew up, I realised that they were actually quite cheap, and not very good quality. That perception has stayed with me, and put me off Parker pens. The Parker 51, for example, is widely acknowledged as one of the best fountain pens ever made. The 45 was introduced in , and has just gone out of production this year. Does it write well? Does it reaffirm my feelings that Parkers are just a bit cheap, and not very good?
Gifts for Her
Elegant box The Parker 51 fountain pen is a vintage pen that was extremely popular during its manufacturing years and remains a revered standard among fountain pens today. First produced in , its production spanned more than 30 years and millions of pens. The reason for the longevity and popularity of this pen reside in its gorgeous, sleek design that has yet to be replicated by any other pen currently on the market today.
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Presentation pen marked Presented By N. Cap is a flat top with good color. Barrel is the newer streamline style with some darkening of color. Restored and ready to fill and write for another 86 years or more. With new plastic technology that allowed for colors, Parker needed to stay in the game. The theory is that they didn’t want to commit the successful “Duofold” name to a new color until it was test marketed. Jade pens are Duofold’s in every way except for the barrel imprint. These are 3 that show 2 u.
Although not photographed, we also have Canadian B. Jade Sr with 3rd example of a B. Some brassing on the ball, small spot on top shoulder of clip, and around the tassie ring. Raised cap band with just a couple spot of brassing. Have intentionally preserved the patina on this nib. Can be shined up upon request, but thought it was interesting the way it was found.